Bureau of Investigation (NBI) saw its inception on November 13, 1936 upon
approval of Commonwealth Act No. 181 by the legislature. It was the the brainchild
of the late President Manuel L. Quezon and JoseÂ Yulo, then Secretary of
Tasked with organizing
a Division of Investigation or DI patterned after the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation were
Thomas Dugan, a veteran American police captain from the New York Police
Department and Flaviano C. Guerrero, the only Filipino member of the United
States Federal Bureau of Investigation.
On the basis
of stiff physical, mental, and moral standards, 45 men were selected as
agents from among 300 applicants. To complement this investigative force was
a civilian staff composed of doctors, chemists, fingerprint technicians,
photographers, stenographers, and clerks.
the Japanese occupation, the DI was affiliated with the Bureau of Internal
Revenue and the Philippine Constabulary known as the Bureau of Investigation
(BI). Subsequently, during the post-liberation period, all available DI
agents were recruited by the US Army CIC as investigators.
then, the Bureau assumed an increasingly significant role. Thus, on June 19,
1947, by virtue of Republic Act No. 157, it was reorganized into the Bureau
of Investigation. Later, it was amended by Executive Order No. 94 issued on
October 4, 1947 renaming it to what it is presently known, the National
Bureau of Investigation (NBI).
objective of the National Bureau of Investigation is the establishment and
maintenance of a
modern, effective and efficient investigative service and research agency
for the purpose of implementing fully principal functions provided under
Republic Act No. 157, as amended.
A world-class investigative institution - dynamic,
respected and committed to the high ideals of law and order.
quality investigative and forensic services to the people through advanced
methods and equipment in the pursuit of truth and justice.
Under its enabling law, Republic Act 157, as amended,
the NBI is empowered to:
and other offenses against the laws of the Philippines, both on its own
initiative and as public interest may require;
officially requested in the investigation or detection of crimes and other
act as national
clearing house of criminal records and other information for use of all
prosecuting and law enforcement entities in
the Philippines, of
identification records of identifying marks, characteristics and ownership
or possession of all firearms and test bullets fired therefrom;
give technical help
to all prosecuting and law enforcement offices, agencies of the
government, and courts which may ask for its services;
extend its services
in the investigation of cases of administrative or civil in nature in
which the government is interested;
maintain an up-to-date scientific crime laboratory and conduct researches
in furtherance of scientific knowledge in criminal investigation;
coordinate with other
national or local agencies in the maintenance of peace and order;
instruction and training of a representative number of city and municipal
peace officers at the request of their respective superiors along
effective methods of crime investigation and detection in order to insure
greater efficiency in the discharge of their duties.
The NBI is a government entity that is civilian in character,
and national in scope which is under the Department of Justice.
It is headed by a director and with an assistant director and
six (6) deputy-directors for -- Special Investigation Services (SIS);
Regional Operations Services (ROS); Intelligence Services (IS); Technical
Services (TS); Administrative Services (AS); and Comptroller Services (CS).
The “Two Pillar- Rule”
To keep the standard of professionalism in the
investigation of cases, thoroughness and legality has always
been adhered to by the NBI. The legality of the Bureau’s activity
is assured by its legal and Evaluation Division, which is tasked
with providing legal counsel to the Director, legal services to the
Bureau, evaluate the investigation reports of the agents, and conduct
legal researches and studies.
Circumstances under which the NBI may be contacted
When a crime has been committed or is about to be
committed, any aggrieved person may seek NBI assistance. Any
person possessing valuable information in connection with any
violation of Philippine laws is welcome at any NBI office if he
is willing furnish the Bureau with said information.
Those who may wish to file their complaints in Manila,
may go directly to the NBI Complaints and Recording Division (CRD)
and file his/her complaint under oath. Walk-in complainants in field
offices may see the chief or any agent thereat, for purposes of filing
When the aggrieved party cannot personally undertake this,
a letter addressed to the NBI Director containing the said
complaint shall suffice. The NBI in some instances, may be called to
attend to criminal cases already under investigation by the local
police. However, the requesting party or aggrieved party shall so state
in the complaint dissatisfaction over the handling of the case, and/or
upon directive from higher authorities.
All forms of assistance extended by the NBI to other
government institutions as well as to the private sector are